2021 Jamb Cbt/Utme Likely Government Questions and Answers

0
13

A constitution is a legal document _________

 

A

drawn up by lawyers

B

enacted by military decrees

C

forming the basis upon which a government rules the country

D

only likely to succeed in countries where there is union government

 

Answer

 

2

A government in which control of ultimate power is by a few who rule in their selfish interest is classified as _________

A

an oligarchy

B

a dictatorship

C

an aristocracy

D

a monarchy

 

Answer

 

3

The judicial organ of government is the body which _________

A

implements the law

B

makes the law

C

punishes lawbreakers

D

interprets the law

 

Answer

 

4

Which of the following was not established by the 1979 Nigerian constitution ?

A

Police Service Commission

B

National Universities Commission

C

Federal Electoral Commission

D

National Population Commission

 

Answer

 

 

5

Rates are generally collected in Nigeria by ________

A

the State Ministry of Finance

B

the Department of inland Revenue

C

the Emirate of Traditional Council

D

the Local Government Council

 

Answer

 

6

In a democracy, sovereignty is in _________

A

the community

B

public officials

C

judges

D

the Head of State

 

Answer

 

7

Which of the following is a good example of a confederal state?

A

Nigeria

B

ECOWAS

C

Switzerland

D

USA

 

Answer

 

8

A bill that applies to the whole population and is intended to promote the general welfare is called _________

A

a private bill

B

a decree

C

an appropriate bill

D

a public bill

 

Answer

 

 

9

Fascism developed in________

A

France

B

Germany

C

Italy

D

China

 

Answer

 

10

The theory of separation of powers was first time clearly formulated by __________

A

Jean Bodin

B

Jean Austin

C

Baron de Montesquieu

D

Lord Bryce

A system of government in which power derives from total control of the instruments of force is called ___________

A

monarchy

B

oligarchy

C

capitalism

D

fascism

 

Answer

 

12

The British Government revoked the charter of the Royal Niger Company and took over the direct administration of Nigeria in _________

A

1861

B

1900

C

1906

D

1914

 

Answer

 

13

The Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy in the 1979 constitution do not include _________

A

democracy and social justice

B

federal character and inequality

C

concentration of wealth and provision of maximum welfare

D

national integration and ethnic loyalty

 

Answer

 

14

The founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association was ________

A

Casey Hayford

B

Herbert Macaulay

C

Marcus Garvey

D

  1. E. B, DuBois

 

Answer

 

 

15

A characteristic feature of communism is __________

A

Free enterprise

B

liberal democracy

C

dictatorship

D

multi-party system

 

Answer

 

16

Africans were first elected to the legislative council in British West Africa in _________

A

Ghana

B

Sierra Leone

C

The Gambia

D

Nigeria

 

Answer

 

17

When a state is subject to no other authority, it is said to be _________

A

powerful

B

legitmate

C

authoritative

D

sovereign

 

Answer

 

18

While pressure groups aim at influencing government decisions, the primary aim of political parties is to ______

A

promote the welfare of their members

B

execute particular programmes

C

influence legislation in order to benefit their members

D

control political power

 

Answer

 

 

19

In the tradition, Hausa-Fulani political system, political authority was vested in the ___________

A

Emir

B

Talakawa

C

Alkali

D

Emirate Council

 

Answer

 

20

Southern Nigeria was divided into Eastern and Western provinces for administrative purposes in _________

A

1935

B

1937

C

1939

D

1941

Within the United Nations, the veto power is exercised in ______

A

UNESCO

B

WHO

C

the General Assembly

D

the Security Council

 

Answer

 

22

A set of internalized norms which guides political action is called ________

A

power

B

value

C

law

D

symbol

 

Answer

 

23

A condition for judicial independence is the appointment of judges by the __________

A

Civil Service

B

Judicial Service Commission

C

Law Review Commission

D

Code of Conduct Bureau

 

Answer

 

24

Which of the following is not associated with local government elections?

A

Constituency

B

Ballot Box

C

Electoral Officer

D

Ward

 

Answer

 

 

25

Warrant Chiefs were appointed to __________

A

Prevent tribal wars

B

supervise native courts

C

decide divorce cases

D

take charge of local administration

 

Answer

 

26

The application of the rule of law may be constrained by ________

A

securing the tenure of office of judges

B

insulating judges from partisan politics

C

employing men of proven integrity as judges

D

invoking emergency powers

 

Answer

 

27

The highest court in Nigeria before 1963 was the _________

A

Supreme Court

B

High Court

C

Judicial Committees of the Privy Council

D

Court of Appeal

 

Answer

 

28

A feature unique to General Murtala Muhammed’s Supreme Military Council as compared to that of General Yakubu Gowon was the _________

A

inclusion of the civilians as members

B

exclusion of military governors from the council

C

inclusion of the chief justice as a member

D

the exclusion of the Inspector General of police from the council

 

Answer

 

 

29

In the First Republic, Nigeria was very reluctant to have meaningful interaction with ________

A

Italy

B

the Soviet Union

C

the United States of America

D

Germany

 

Answer

 

30

The Gulf War of 1990 is an indication that the U. N. O. is unable to _______

A

ensure free world trade

B

stop colonialism

C

control armament

D

ensure permanent world peace

The simple plurality electoral system is often criticized because _________

A

the ruling party may lose the election

B

the winner may not poll an absolute majority

C

it works against all opposition parties

D

it is easy to rig

 

Answer

 

32

Which of the following was the last to win independence from colonial rule ?

A

Cote d’Ivoire

B

Algeria

C

Tanzania

D

Angola

 

Answer

 

33

Nigeria’s non-aligned policy means that she will _________

A

have nothing to do with the superpowers

B

not take sides in international issues based on ideological considerations

C

avoid having any dealing with any country with ideological learnings

D

relate only with member countries of the Non-Aligned movement

 

Answer

 

34

The charter of the United Nations was drawn up in ________

A

New York

B

San Franciso

C

Washington DC

D

Los Angeles

 

Answer

 

 

35

The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to _________

A

make civil servants a functional elite

B

prevent opposition to government

C

ensure loyalty and support

D

enhance efficiency in administration

 

Answer

 

36

The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the __________

A

electoral commission

B

boundary commission

C

national assemblies

D

political parties

 

Answer

 

37

A meeting of the legislature is usually brought to an end with __________

A

an adjournment

B

a prorogation

C

a dissolution

D

suspension

 

Answer

 

38

The economic basis of feudalism is __________

A

agriculture

B

capital

C

trade

D

slavery

 

Answer

 

 

39

NEPAD was adopted during the OAU summit held in _________

A

Tunis

B

Lusaka

C

Cairo

D

Abuja

 

Answer

 

40

The Premier of Western Region immediately after independence was _________

A

Chief Obafemi Awolowo

B

Chief Ladoke Akintola

C

  1. M. A. Majekodunmi

D

Ahaji D. S. Adegbenro

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